Our country is the biggest democracy in the entire world and the Indian constitution provides many legal rights to its citizens. But most of us are not aware of these rights. Here are 20 legal rights every citizen of India should know;
1. According to the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, Section–185 & 202, the Police can arrest you without a warrant on the charges of drinking & driving if your alcohol consumption is more than 30mg per 100ml of blood.
2. According to CRPC, Section 46, no women can be arrested after 6 in the evening or before 6 in the morning.
3. According to IPC, Section 166A, a police officer under any situation can not refuse to write a FIR. This is a punishable crime that may lead to a police officer being jailed between 6 months to 1 year.
4. According to Indian Series Act 1887, Any kind of hotel doesn’t matter how big it cannot refuse you from using their washroom or drink their water.
5. According to IPC, Section 498, if a married man gets involved in a physical relationship with a widow or unmarried girl by their consent then it is not treated as a crime.
6. According to Domestic Violation Act, 2005, if an adult boy and an adult girl want to be in a living relationship with their consent then this relationship is not illegal. The child born in this relationship is also legal and will get part of its father's property.
7. According to Police Act, 1861 a police officer is always on duty irrespective of whether he wears a uniform. If anyone seeks the help of a police officer, then they cannot refuse by saying they are not on duty.
8. According to the Maternity Benefits Act 1961, no company can fire a pregnant woman. This offense can be punished up to 3 years in jail.
9. According to the Income-tax Act, 1961, in matters of tax violation the tax collection officer has the authority to arrest the violator but before arresting he needs to send a notice. Only the tax commissioner decides how long anyone stays in custody.
10. According to the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, Section 13, any spouse can file a divorce in the court on the following grounds; Adultery, domestic violence, impotence, leaving the spouse with no information, a change in religion, mental abnormality, if the spouse is suffering from an incurable disease, missing for 7 years.
11. According to the Motor Vehicles Act, Section 129, anyone driving a vehicle is mandatory to wear a helmet. According to Section 128, only two people can sit in a two-wheeler. But, a traffic constable taking keys from your vehicle is illegal. You can even charge the traffic constable for this offense.
12. According to CRPC 1973, Only female police officers have to authority to arrest women and bring them to the police stations. Male police officers don’t have the authority to arrest women. Only with any serious crime, a male officer can arrest women with the help of a written order by the magistrate.
13. Very few people know that if your gas cylinder blasts while cooking, then you can sue the gas company for an amount as high as 40Lakhs.
14. It will shock you to know that during any festivals if you take any gifts from any company then this comes under bribe. According to FCRA, 2010, you can also be punished for this crime.
15. According to Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill, 2016, if you are fined for any traffic violations then for the same reasons you can be fined again on the same day.
16. A shopkeeper cannot charge the consumer more than the printed price of the product but a consumer can bargain with the shopkeeper to get the product below the printed price.
17. According to Limitation Act, 1963, if your office doesn’t pay you a salary then you can file a report against it within 3 years. But if you file the report after three years, then it won't be of any use.
18. According to IPC Section 294, doing obscene acts in public places is a punishable crime. As the definition of an obscene act is not provided this law is mostly misused by the police.
19. According to the Hindu Adoption & Maintenance Act, 1956, If you are a Hindu and you have a child, grandchild or great-grandchild then you are not eligible to adopt another child. With adoption, the difference between the age of the child and adult must be over 21 years.
20. If you are a resident of Delhi then your house owner cannot forcefully remove you from the house without giving advance notice.
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