Religion always has been a very sensitive topic in India. Yet, our country is so forward in technology and one of the most fast-developing economies in the world. Another problem now our society is facing is the rise of caste discrimination in colleges across India. In recent times, India has faced much death due to caste discrimination in colleges.
India in Knowledge and technology-wise will be ahead of any other country but our way of thinking and our actions are that of an underdeveloped country.
India is the land of rich culture, traditions and world-famous for festivals. Indians have literally taken over the world I.e., anywhere in the world you go there are Indians in every sphere of the society.
However, in recent, there has been much-reported death of youth based on caste discrimination. The college or universities across India should be made aware of how it affects caste discrimination and how it affects the outlook given to our children while growing up. Till now no such regulation or rules have been bought forward by the government. The caste system bought forward by the British till now is prevalent in our society, doing harm to our children, youth and the older generation. Even in our homes, the min set of our elders have not changed due these evils and traditions that existed in the last century. Some news is given below. While India has dramatically decreased the dropout rate for all Indian youth, the difference in dropout rates between Dalit and non-Dalit youth continues to widen.
The suicide of Rohith Vemula on 18 January 2016 sparked protests and outrage from across India and gained widespread media attention as an alleged case of discrimination against Dalits and backward classes in India in which elite educational institutions have been purportedly seen as an enduring vestige of caste-based discrimination against students belonging to "backward classes".
On May 22 2019, Dr Payal Tadvi, a 26-year-old Muslim Schedule Tribe gynaecologist, died by committing suicide in Mumbai. For months leading up to her death, she had told her family that she was subjected to ragging by three “upper” caste women doctors, however, the accused denied of having any knowledge of Dr Payal's tribal background. They allegedly went to the toilet and then wiped their feet on her bed, called her casteist slurs, made fun of her for being a tribal on Whats App groups and threatened to not allow her to enter operation theatres or perform deliveries. A few hours before she took her life, she had reportedly told her mother, once again, about this harassment.
Sukhdeo Thorat, a professor Emeritus of JNU and former UGC Chairman who headed the committee to investigate the allegations of discriminatory treatment meted out to SC/ST students at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), had found that lower caste students faced discrimination in everyday lives at the premier institute.
There are many laws being violated when these acts are done by society
The right against ’untouchability:
The Indian constitution outlaws caste discrimination and the practice of “untouchability. A law enacted in 1989 to protect Dalits against discrimination makes it a punishable offence for non-Dalits to entice Dalits to do forced or bonded labour for public purposes. It also prohibits non-Dalits from insulting or humiliating Dalits. International human rights law forbids caste-based discrimination and obliges India to prevent, prohibit and eliminate such discrimination. Nevertheless, many Dalit students are treated as ‘untouchable’ by teachers and other students.
The right to education:
A newly passed law requires that every local authority ensures that children belonging to disadvantaged groups “are not discriminated against and prevented from pursuing and completing elementary education on any grounds.” A number of international treaties protect the right to education and prohibit discrimination in access to education. However, it is clear that teachers, school administrators, and other students deny Dalit college students access to an equal education by treating them as unequal, often resulting in an effective exclusion from colleges altogether. While India has in recent years markedly reduced dropout rates for all Indian youth, the difference in dropout rates between Dalit youth and all Indian youth has actually grown from 4.39 %. in 1989 to 16.21 %.
The right to health:
The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) recognises “the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.” Teachers and community members deny Dalit students their equal right to health by forcing them into hazardous work that includes cleaning human excrement and disposing of dead animals.
The right to be free from child labour and manual scavenging:
Manual scavenging is officially prohibited in India. The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) recognises the right of all children to be protected from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development. Nevertheless, a large number of the children describe having to accompany their parents to work and work with them, or labour on their own in dangerous jobs such as sanitation and disposal of animals. In addition, many of the children report that teachers or community members require them to clean toilets or pit latrines.
The right to be free from slavery:
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the ICESCR outlaw slavery and forced labour and require fair compensation for work. However, teachers and community members force Dalit children into unpaid labour, primarily cleaning schools and colleges, homes, and toilets, in what constitutes a modern form of slavery.
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